Research Professor

sarav@email.unc.edu

(919) 966-2126

Center for Environmental Modeling for Policy Development

Biography

Graduate Students

Jeffrey Rissman, M.S., 2011
Matthew Woody, M.S., 2010; Ph.D. 2014
Scott Boone, M.S., 2015
Pradeepa Vennam, Ph.D., 2016
Chang Shih Ying, Ph.D., 2016
Calvin Arter, Ph.D. Candidate (2016 – Current)

Professional Focus

Emissions, Air Quality modeling, Atmospheric Chemistry, Aerosols, Health Risk Estimation, Aircraft Emissions, Near-Road Emissions, Near-Port Emissions

Teaching

ENST 202 (2009)

Research

Developing modeling and analyses methods and applications to support sound environmental policy, focused on air pollution and health risk

Memberships

Air and Waste Management Association
American Geophysical Union
American Meteorological Society
International Society of Exposure Science
Society of Risk Analysis
Sigma Xi

Awards

UNC Duke Energy Foundation Faculty Fellow (2016)

U.S. EPA Scientific and Technological Achievement Award (2014) for “Advancements in Near-Road Dispersion Modeling”

U.S. EPA Blue Ribbon Paper Award (2013) for Contributions in Improving the Simulation of Air Pollution Near Roadways “Estimating near-road pollutant dispersion: a model inter-comparison”

Faculty of the Year (2008), FAA Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction (PARTNER) Centers of Excellence Read MIT Citation | Read FAA Citation

U.S. EPA Certificate of Appreciation (1996), (for Contributions to the Evaluation of the Draft Guidance for Using Models to Demonstrate Attainment of the O3 NAAQS), OAQPS

Ozone Transport and Assessment Group (OTAG), Certificate of Appreciation (1996) (for Contribution to Modeling performed for OTAG), Chair, OTAG Policy Decisions Group

Positions

2009 – present Research Assoc. Professor, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC
2003 – 2009 Research Asst. Professor, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC
1999 – 2002 Research Scientist, MCNC Environmental Programs, RTP, NC
1998 – 1999 Research Scientist, Bureau of Air Quality Planning, NJDEP, Trenton, NJ

Education

Ph.D., Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
M.S., Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
B.Tech., Chemical Engineering, Anna University, India

Selected Publications

Isakov, V., T. Barzyk, E. Smith, S. Arunachalam, B. Naess and A. Venkatram (2017). A Web-based Modeling System for Near-Port Air Quality Assessments, Environ. Model. Software, 98:21-34, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364815216311367

Wolfe, M., N. McDonald, S. Arunachalam and A. Valencia (2017). Air Pollution Exposure during School Commutes, J. Transport and Health, 5:S48-S49, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.05.339

Chang, S.-Y., W. Vizuete, M. Serre, L.P. Vennam, M. Omary, V. Isakov, M. Breen, S. Arunachalam (2017). Finely Resolved On-Road PM2.5 and Estimated Premature Mortality in Central North Carolina, Risk Analysis, DOI: 10.1111/risa.12775.

Penn SL, Boone, S.T., Harvey, B.C., Heiger-Bernays W, Tripodis Y, Arunachalam, S., Levy JI. (2017) Modeling variability in air pollution-related health damages from individual airport emissions, Environ. Res., 156 (2017) 791–800 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.04.031

Penn SL, Arunachalam S, Woody M, Heiger-Bernays W, Tripodis Y, Levy JI. (2017). Estimating state-specific contributions to PM2.5‐ and O3-related health burden from residential combustion and electricity generating unit emissions in the United States. Environ. Health Perspect. 125:324–332; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP550

Woody, M., H.-W. Wong, J.J. West, S. Arunachalam, (2016). Multiscale predictions of aviation-attributable PM2.5 for U.S. airports modeled using CMAQ with plume-in-grid and an aircraft-specific 1-D emission model, Atmos. Environ., 147, 384 – 394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.10.016.

Levy, J.I., M.K. Woo, S.L. Penn, M. Omary, Y. Tambouret, S. Chung and S. Arunachalam (2016). Carbon Reductions and Health Co-Benefits from U.S. Residential Energy Efficiency Measures, Environ. Res. Lett. 11 (2016) 034017, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034017.

Chang, S.-Y, W. Vizuete, V. Isakov, M. Breen, S. Arunachalam (2015). Comparison of Highly Resolved Model-based Exposure Metrics for Traffic-Related Air Pollutants to Support Environmental Health Studies, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 12, 15605–15625; doi:10.3390/ijerph121215007.

Chang, S.-Y., W. Vizuete, A. Valencia, B. Naess, V. Isakov, T. Palma, M. Breen, S. Arunachalam (2015). A Modeling Framework for Characterizing Near-Road Air Pollutant Concentration at Community Scales, Sci. Total Environ., 538:905-921, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.139

Vennam, L.P., W. Vizuete, S. Arunachalam, (2015). Evaluation of model-predicted Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) near a mid-sized U.S. airport, Atmos. Environ.,119:107-117, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.08.015

Penn, S., S. Arunachalam, Y. Tripodis, W. Heiger-Bernays, JI Levy (2015). A comparison between monitoring and dispersion modeling approaches to assess the impact of aviation on concentrations of black carbon and nitrogen oxides at Los Angeles International Airport, Sci. Total. Environ, 527-528:47-55, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.03.147

Arunachalam, S., H. Brantley, T. Barzyk, G. Hagler, V. Isakov, S. Kimbrough, B. Naess, N. Rice, M. Snyder, K. Talgo, A. Venkatram (2015). Assessment of Port-Related Air Quality Impacts: Geographic Analysis of Population, Int. J. Environ. Poll., 58(4):231-250.

Woody, M. C., West, J. J., Jathar, S. H., Robinson, A. L., and Arunachalam, S. (2015): Estimates of non-traditional secondary organic aerosols from aircraft SVOC and IVOC emissions using CMAQ, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 6929-6942.

Barzyk, T.M., V. Isakov, S. Arunachalam, A. Venkatram, R. Cook, B. Naess (2015). A Near-Road Modeling System for Community-Scale Assessments of Mobile-Source Air Toxics: The Community Line Source (C-LINE) Modeling System, Environ. Model. Software, 66:46-56.

Batterman S, Ganguly R, Isakov V, Burke, J., Arunachalam, S., Snyder, M., Robins, T., and Lewis, T. (2014). Dispersion Modeling of Traffic-Related Air Pollutant Exposures and Health Effects Among Children with Asthma in Detroit, Michigan. Transportation Research Record. 2014; 2452: 105–112. doi:10.3141/2452-13.

Snyder, M.; Arunachalam, S.; Isakov, V.; Talgo, K.; Naess, B.; Valencia, A.; Omary, M.; Davis, N.; Cook, R.; Hanna, A. (2014). Creating Locally Resolved Mobile-Source Emissions Inputs for Air Quality Modeling in Support of an Exposure Study in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11, 12739-12766, doi:10.3390/ijerph111212739.

Arunachalam, S.; Valencia, A.; Akita, Y.; Serre, M.; Omary, M., Garcia, V.; Isakov, V. (2014). Estimating Regional Background Air Quality using Space/Time Ordinary Kriging to Support Exposure Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11(10), 10518-10536; doi:10.3390/ijerph111010518.

Isakov, V.; Arunachalam, S.; Batterman, S.; Bereznicki, S.; Burke, J.; Dionisio, K.; Garcia, V.; Heist, D.; Perry, S.; Snyder, M.; Vette, A. (2014). Air Quality Modeling in Support of the Near-Road Exposures and Effects of Urban Air Pollutants Study (NEXUS) Int., J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11(9), 8777-8793; doi:10.3390/ijerph110908777.

Brunelle-Yeung E, T Masek, JJ Rojo, JI Levy, S Arunachalam, SM Miller, SE Barrett, S Kuhn, IA Waitz (2014) Methods for Assessing the Impacts of Aviation Environmental Policies on Public Health, Transport Policy, 34:21-28, DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2014.02.015.

Rissman, J., S. Arunachalam, T. Bendor and J.J. West (2013). Equity and Health Impacts of Aircraft Emissions at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Landscape and Urban Planning, 120, 234-247.

Rissman, J., Arunachalam, S., Woody, M., West, J. J., BenDor, T., and Binkowski, F. S. (2013). A plume-in-grid approach to characterize air quality impacts of aircraft emissions at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 9285-9302.

Woody, M., and S. Arunachalam (2013). Secondary organic aerosol produced from aircraft emissions at the Atlanta Airport: An advanced diagnostic investigation using process analysis, Atmos. Environ., 76:101-109, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.06.007

Ashok, A., I.H. Lee, S. Arunachalam, I. A. Waitz, S.H.L. Yim, R.H. Barrett, (2013). Development of a response surface model of aviation’s air quality impacts in the U.S. Atmos. Environ., 77:445-452, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.05.023

Heist, D., V. Isakov, S. Perry, M. Snyder, A. Venkatram, C. Hood, J. Stocker, D. Carruthers, S. Arunachalam and C. Owen (2013). Estimating near-road pollutant dispersion: a model inter-comparison Transportation Research, Part D., 25:93-105

Levy, J. I., Woody, M., Baek, B. H., Shankar, U. and Arunachalam, S. (2012), Current and Future Particulate-Matter-Related Mortality Risks in the United States from Aviation Emissions During Landing and Takeoff, Risk Analysis, 32(2):237-249.

Barrett, S., S. Yim, C. Gilmore, L.T. Murray, S. Kuhn, A. Tai, R. Yantosca, D. Byun, F. Ngan, X. Li, J. Levy, A. Ashok, J. Koo, H.M. Wong, O. Dessens, S. Balasubramanian, G. Fleming, M. Pearlson, C. Wollersheim, R. Malina, S. Arunachalam, F. Binkowski, E. Leibensperger, D. J.

Jacob, J. Hileman, and I. Waitz (2012). Public Health, Climate and Economic Impacts of Desulfurizing Jet Fuel. Environ. Sci. & Tech., 46, 4275-4282, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es203325a

Aneja, V. P., A. Aiyyer, A. Hanna, U. Shankar, Z. Adelman, S. Arunachalam, S. T. Rao, R. Mathur, J.D. Mobley, V. Ramaswamy, V.M. Krishna, V. Manickam, M.P. Singh, J. Biswas and E. Upadhyay, (2012). U.S.-India Collaboration on Air Quality and Climate Research and Education. Environmental Manager, Publication Date (Web): 01 Mar 2012

Arunachalam, S., Wang, B., Davis, N., Baek, B.H., Levy, JI, (2011). Effect of Chemistry-Transport Model Scale and Resolution on Population Exposure to PM2.5 from Aircraft Emissions during Landing and Takeoff, Atmos. Environ., 45(19):3294-3300.

Anenberg, S. C., Talgo, K., Arunachalam, S., Dolwick, P., Jang, C., and West, J. J. (2011). Impacts of global, regional, and sectoral black carbon emission reductions on surface AQ and human mortality, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 7253-7267, DOI:10.5194/acp-11-7253-2011.

Woody, M., B.H. Baek, Z. Adelman, M. Omary, Y.-F. Lam, J. West and S. Arunachalam (2011). An Assessment of Aviation Contribution to Current and Future Fine Particulate Matter in the United States, Atmos. Environ., 45 (20):3424-3433, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.041

De Nazelle, A., S. Arunachalam and M. Serre (2010) Bayesian Maximum Entropy Integration of Ozone Observations and Model Predictions in a Spatiotemporal Regulatory Context: An Application for Attainment Demonstration in NC, Environ. Sci. & Tech., 44, 5707–5713.

Binkowski, F., S. Arunachalam, Z. Adelman and J.P. Pinto (2007) Examining Photolysis Rates with a Prototype On-line Photolysis Module in CMAQ, J. Applied Meteorol. Clim., 2007, 46:1252-1256.

Arunachalam, S., A. Holland, B. Do, and M. Abraczinskas (2006) A Quantitative Assessment of the Influence of Grid Resolution on Predictions of Future-Year Air Quality in North Carolina, USA, Atmos. Environ., 40(26):5010-5016

Mathur, R., U. Shankar, A.F. Hanna, M.T. Odman, J.N. McHenry, C.J. Coats, K. Alapaty, A. Xiu, S. Arunachalam, D. Olerud, D.W. Byun, K.L. Schere, F.S. Binkowski, J. K. Ching, R.L. Dennis, T.E. Pierce, J.E. Pleim, S.J. Roselle, and J.O. Young, (2005). The Multiscale Air Quality Simulation Platform (MAQSIP): Initial Applications and Performance for Tropospheric O3 and Particulate Matter, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D13308, doi:10.1029/2004JD004918.

McHenry, J.N., W.F. Ryan, N.L. Seaman, C.J. Coats, J. Pudykiewicz, S. Arunachalam, and J.M. Vukovich, (2004). A Real-time Eulerian Photochemical Model Forecast System: Overview and Initial O3 Forecast Performance in the Northeastern U.S. corridor, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, pp. 525-548.

Selected Recent Technical Reports
Advanced Vehicle Concepts and Implications for NextGen, NASA/CR — 2010 – 216397, prepared for NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA, January 2010. Available at: http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20110011147

TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 71, 2011: Guidance for Quantifying the Contribution of Airport Emissions to Local Air Quality, Available at: http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/167479.aspx

Phase III of the LAX Air Quality and Source Apportionment Study, Final Report Prepared for the Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), June 2013, Available at: http://www.lawa.org/airQualityStudy.aspx?id=7716

Development, Implementation and Validation of a Near-Road Air Quality Model for Bogota, Colombia, Final Report prepared for La Secretaria Distrital de Ambiente with the Universidad de La Salle, October 2014.

TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 179, 2017: Dispersion Modeling Guidance for Airports Addressing Local Air Quality Health Concerns, Available at: http://apps.trb.org/cmsfeed/TRBNetProjectDisplay.asp?ProjectID=3704

Conference Presentations / Proceedings: (> 150)